Professor spends sabbatical building “50 Wise Speakers” open videos

Creativecommons.org -

I recently interviewed Dr. Phil Venditti, professor of communication studies at Clover Park Technical College in Washington State (USA). Phil teaches public speaking and other oral and written communication courses. In 2010 Phil learned about the Open Course Library project and became an enthusiastic adherent. Phil developed two courses in the Open Course Library, wrote a textbook which he licensed CC BY, and has since saved his students roughly $60,000 by using open educational resources (OER).

The Open Course Library was Phil’s first exposure to OER, but it wasn’t his last. He testified to the State Legislature in favor of a bill which would have mandated that all educational materials created by state postsecondary education employees be openly licensed. As President of FACTC — the Washington Faculty Association of Community and Technical Colleges, Phil has promoted adoption of OER by college faculty members throughout his state. FACTC passed a resolution in 2012 endorsing the ideal of OER on economic, educational, and moral grounds.

Phil recently went on sabbatical and decided to interview 50 prominent speakers to gather tips on effective public speaking for his students — and for the world because all of Phil’s work and videos are openly licensed under CC BY 4.0 license. Nearly 30 hours of his videos can be browsed at Phil’s YouTube channel. Speakers included in the project are 29-time Emmy winner and “Almost Live” alum Bill Stainton, Tacoma News Tribune Executive Editor Karen Peterson, former NFL quarterback Jon Kitna, Tacoma Mayor Marilyn Strickland, and wildlife artist and conservationist Becci Crowe. To complete the project, 40 of Phil’s public speaking students and a team of editors from Clover Park’s Media Design and Production program spent more than 700 hours reviewing and editing the interviews. When it is launched online in May of this year, the project will offer a database of free, CC BY-licensed materials at cptc.edu/fifty-wise on subjects ranging from how to conquer stage fright to how to organize a presentation.

On March 20, the “50 Wise Speakers” project will be presented in a red-carpet gala at Clover Park Technical College.

Phil says OER has changed the way he thinks about teaching and learning.

“I believe that the essence of education should be sharing. Every day I ask myself, ‘How can I help connect more people to more information that might change their lives?’”

Following Phil’s lead, what will you share today?

Free Bassel Day

Creativecommons.org -

#FREEBASSEL / Kennisland / CC BY-SA

As of today, CC Syria community leader Bassel Khartabil has been in prison for two years. Today, we join the worldwide open community in honoring Bassel and insisting that he be freed.

Amnesty International and Front Line Defenders have produced this excellent video about why Bassel’s story is important to our community, featuring interviews with CC co-founder Lawrence Lessig and the Electronic Frontier Foundation’s Jillian York.

“Bassel could have gotten out, but he chose to stay. And that decision was very costly for him, and it was an important decision for us. It symbolized his commitment to making this democracy possible, and to continuing the work to spread that message. And we owe him for that, and we have an obligation to do as much as we can to keep the world aware of this incredible person.” – Lawrence Lessig

In honor of Free Bassel Day, our friend Niki Korth has compiled a cookbook in honor of Bassel, featuring recipes submitted by people who know Bassel or are involved with the #freebassel campaign. You can read the cookbook online or download a PDF (469 KB).

Niki is planning to release a Version 2 of the cookbook, so it’s not too late to submit a recipe.

We honor Bassel today and look forward to the day he is freed.

The global CC community: building a more open world

Creativecommons.org -

Stay up to date with CC by subscribing to our newsletter and following us on Twitter.

Alaska’s Pavlof Volcano: NASA’s View from Space (cropped)
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center / CC BY

The global CC community: building a more open world

Over the past few weeks, we’ve been featuring some of the amazing activities of our global affiliate network. Learn about a Finnish team building a CC plugin for WordPress, an open data symposium in Japan, a series of School of Open workshops in Kenya, a booksprint in Morocco, and much more. Take a tour of the CC communities in the Arab world, Africa, Asia-Pacific, and Europe.


Open educational resources aren’t just a good idea; they’re the center of a global movement that’s transforming how education works worldwide. Browse the resources from Open Education Week to learn more.

Joi Ito / CC BY

Longtime CC community leader Bassel Khartabil has been in prison in Syria since 2012. Join the worldwide open community to honor Bassel this Saturday, March 15. If you’re in the Bay Area, join us at the Wikimedia offices in San Francisco.

Don’t Look At The Sign!
smlp.co.uk / CC BY

Learn how a proposed US law would weaken public access to federally funded research.

Kristina Alexanderson

Is Getty Images’ new photo embed service a step in the right direction?

CC Salon in San Francisco: Free culture and social justice

Creativecommons.org -

CC10 Party in San Francisco / David Kindler / CC BY

Creative Commons is thrilled to announce that we will be reviving CC salons on a quarterly basis starting March 27!

Years ago, CC ran a series of CC Salon events in the Bay Area, informal events that brought together creators of all kinds to talk about how and why they choose open in their fields. CC salons continue to occur all over the world, but on March 27, CC will host a salon on social justice and open innovation right here in San Francisco.

This informal event will feature short talks from guests in local nonprofits and the free culture community, as well as lots of interesting people to network and socialize with. It’s free and open to everyone.

Thursday, March 27, 2014
6:00 – 7:30 PM Pacific time
Cafe Royale, 800 Post St, San Francisco, CA 94109
Bart: Civic Center, Powell St.
Facebook invite


Joshua Knox, Brute Labs

Joshua Knox is co-Founder and CFO for BRUTE LABS, a non-profit out to prove that anyone can do good. BRUTEs use design and technology to create sustainable social entrepreneurship. Our small, all-volunteer team has launched 11 projects around the world and across a broad spectrum of causes; from cyclone relief in Myanmar, to clean water wells in Ghana, to a bio-diesel project with Stanford. Our open source altruism has also garnered multiple design awards from AIGA and Adobe as well as partnerships with local businesses, the city of San Jose, Google, Nike, Facebook and many more.

Niki Korth, Writer and Free Culture Activist

Niki Korth is an artist, writer, and free culture enthusiast/activist who resides in the triad of the creative arts, technological literacy, and human rights. Together with Clémence de Montgolfier, she co-founded The Big Conversation Space (TBCS), an art, research, and consulting organization based in Paris and San Francisco that acts as a participatory production platform for books, media, and games involving free speech, art, technology, politics, philosophy, and the occult. TBCS has exhibited and lectured internationally at venues including Palais Tokyo (Paris), TCB Gallery (Mellbourne, Australia), Yerba Buena Center for the Arts (San Francisco), and Human Resources (Los Angeles).

Their most recent projects include Letters for Bassel and The #FreeBassel cookbook, both dedicated to creative and participatory methods of advocacy for the release of CC community member Bassel Khartabil, who has been detained in Syria for the last two years. They also have a book coming out in summer 2014 titled I Can Do Anything Badly II, which uses conversational interviews to explore the intersections of DIY and Free Culture in the arts, the internet, sociology, and design.

Korth is also an advocate for trees and sustainable urban planning, and works in marketing and operations at DeepRoot Green Infrastructure, a San Francisco–based company that provides arboriculturally-oriented products and services for the built environment.

In the spirit of McLuhan but in the age of the Internet – she believes that we all own the message, humans as much as plant life. But the medium may have a mind of its own.

Supriya Misra, TeachAIDS

Supriya Misra is a Senior Project Manager at TeachAIDS, where she helps lead the development, maintenance, and expansion of TeachAIDS products. Founded at Stanford, and recognized as an innovation that will “change the world” by MIT Technology Review, TeachAIDS is a nonprofit social venture that creates breakthrough software to solve persistent problems in HIV prevention. Used in more than 70 countries, TeachAIDS provides the most effective HIV prevention software to educators, governments, and NGOs around the world – for free.

With a background in behavioral health research and expertise in innovative applications of new technologies in preventative care, she has previously worked at HopeLab and the Institute for Brain Potential, and co-authored a handbook on the neurobiological basis for forming positive health habits. She holds an M.A. and a B.A. with Honors in Psychology, with a concentration in Neuroscience, from Stanford University.

Rachel Weidinger
, Upwell

Rachel Weidinger is the Founder and Executive Director of Upwell, a nonprofit PR firm with one client, the ocean. At Upwell, Rachel leads the development of cutting edge big listening practices. She couples this big data approach with the resiliency-increasing tactic of campaigning across a distributed network to increase online attention to ocean issues. Because of Rachel’s vision, the ocean community knows the baseline of online conversation for its issues for the first time.

Previously, Rachel was the Senior Manager of Marketing and Communications at TechSoup Global where she provided marketing vision and leadership for TechSoup Global, and the TechSoup Global Network of partners in 36 countries. She has also worked with social enterprises including NTEN, Common Knowledge, the Black Rock Arts Foundation, SF Environment, Copia, and the Xtracycle Foundation.

Rachel has a B.Phil. in Interdisciplinary Studies from Miami University’s Western College Program, and completed the coursework for a masters in Arts Policy and Administration at Ohio State University. When she’s not working to save the ocean, she makes preserves, swims in the Bay, and gardens at her tiny home in San Francisco. She is obsessed with whale sharks.

Myths and obstacles Open Educational Resources are facing

European Open EDU Policy Project -

This post is part of a project aimed at mapping myths and obstacles around Open Educational Resources, conducted by Creative Commons Poland.

Where do myths about OERs come from?

The Open Educational Resources (OER) movement has emerged to transform and democratize access to education. Governments, companies, teachers and learners around the world are making OERs and using them in various ways. But just the fact that there is growing number of projects and people making resources available to copy, remix and share freely does not guarantee a systemic change in education.

OER projects around the world face similar barriers: from limited understanding of the idea of OER by decision makers (sometimes educators as well), to PR campaigns directed against openness (1). During many workshops and trainings with teachers and textbooks authors, we found most of the arguments brought against OER to be myths. They are born from confusing OER’s with many things that they are not, and from identifying them as radically different than educational resources produced by traditional publishers.

Without efforts to raise awarness about benefits of OER, there is a great risk that pervasive critical voices (coming mainly from commercial educational publishers) will change the attitude toward OER of teachers, learners in all ages and parents of school pupils. Such criticism is widely observed in response to the growing popularity of OERs. It is worth noting that the false alarms start especially when governments start thinking about open educational resources, and invest public funding into their production and support.


Mapping the myths

To help fight these myths and misunderstandings, we started mapping them and providing model answers. We are working on a mythbusting guide that will offer simple, easy to use guidance, in a question and answer format. This can be useful for people advocating OER, as well as educators searching for practical answers for their doubts and journalists writing about OER.

We started with a survey among OER community experts and an examination of existing media reports on OERs. It’s interesting that when you take deep dive into press articles, you will find extremely varied opinions about OERs. They are either a mainstream, successful trend in education – or a way to destroy the publishing market and reduce teaching quality. It is much more insightful to ask about OER experts and teachers.


Fig. 1.  What are most typical arguments you hear against Open Educational Resources? OER community experts survey.

What do users think?

In another survey, conducted by authors of the report “An OER COUP: College Teacher and Student Perceptions of Open Educational Resources” (2), 11% of teachers and 6% of students perceived the quality of OER textbooks as being lower than the quality of traditional textbooks they had used in the past. In all cases, these users indicated technical problems or general poor text quality as reasons for giving a low rating. However, according to teachers’ definition of the problem, access to the Internet and students’ feedback and preferences were at „heart of what made the OER texts worse for these teachers”. For example, one of the teachers wrote: „Students have limited access – they want print sources [because] that is what they are used to.” The other teacher simply wrote „That it’s online.”(3)

This survey mirrors what we can easily observe during trainings for teachers and what so-called “open washing” makes even worse: a popular definition of Open Educational Resources as just free (gratis) resources online. Most of myths about OER are based on this misunderstanding. Furthermore, critique is often not specific to OERs, but to any type of content available on the Internet. For example, OER can be distributed in many formats, including print, so the argument that OER forces specific equipment investments is rather unjustified, as it applies to all digital resources.


Fig. 2. Example of OER misconception that all digital, freely available resources are open in a strict sense

In reports from Boundless (4) and EduCase (5) published in 2013, we can see significant growth of OER use in Higher Education (research at the K-12 level in this area is still limited). According to EduCase, 71% of respondents say they used freely available open educational resources (OERs) in the past year, 10% of them use OER „all the time”. Both reports covered only university students in the U.S. In other countries like Belgium, Netherlands and Norway we can observe even higher usage of OER. This is a clear effect of well-established programs for providing open digital resources for teachers, supported or even run by the government. At Belgium’s KlasCement platform, one in three teachers have registered and about 70% of Belgian teachers use it. WikiWijs from Netherlands has more than 100% per year growth of the level of remixes of open educational resources available on the platform and is expanding to higher education.

It is difficult to present a definitive report, but arguments gathered offer strong evidence of how useful and powerful OERs are. This trend will be growing as OERs are promoted by public institutions and attract users searching for resources that are not only cheaper, but also more adaptable. For these reasons, we should be prepared to answer a growing number of questions about what OERs are, and what they are not.


The perspective of authors

Many organizations wanting to create educational materials find out during negotiations with authors that most of them are ultimately willing to openly license their materials. However this often requires overcoming their personal fears about OERs. Many authors are unfamiliar with the concept of an open license and open educational resources. Even if they hear about them, Saylor.org found that “chief concerns included the loss of control of materials, commercial reproduction, and loss of traffic/ad revenue” (6).

Explanation of open licenses is a battle with false perceptions and fears regarding potential profits and losses. Authors and publishers often have preconceptions that publishing in an open model is somehow inferior to traditional publishing. And it’s not only about lowering the quality, but also about losing profits: monetary, website traffic, or the strength of an author’s brand. For efficient discussion and negotiation with educational and scientific authors, it is important to understand how the process works and how they are paid. Teachers often make a lot of resources as part of their work, while textbook authors are often paid through contracts, not based on copies sold.

It is important therefore to explain that Open Educational Resources can be produced and distributed in various models – from voluntary work (like Wikipedia) to a contracted, paid and reviewed process like California’s and Poland’s public textbook programs. Authors also tend to avoid thinking about ways of receiving more profits by taking control over their work, instead of depending on intermediaries like publishers. The new opportunities arising from open publishing are diverse and are growing each year, as more and more services and start-ups are focusing on OERs. Changes in publishing models are also a part of OER-related challenges to consider.


Criticism of Open Educational Resources has many roots. Some of them are justified and definitely require more work from the OER movement and projects involved in making OERs. More research is needed to generate clear evidence for decision makers. On the other hand, a lot of arguments against OER are based on misconceptions, which also require further explanation. We aim at mapping what problems about OER are raised by the press and the public, and how they can be practically answered. If you would like to engage and support us in doing this, feel free to write: kamil@creativecommons.pl

(1) Black PR around Polish e-Textbooks, Michał “rysiek” Woźniak, http://rys.io/en/94

(2) Bliss, TJ, Robinson, J., Hilton, J., & Wiley, D, An OER COUP: College Teacher and Student Perceptions of Open Educational Resources, Journal of Interactive Media in Education (JIME), 2013 Spring Issue, availabe online jime.open.ac.uk/article/2013-04/html

(3) ibidem.

(4) Boundless Report: Ushering in a Post-Textbook World, http://blog.boundless.com/2014/02/boundless-report-ushering-post-textbook-world/#more-1026

(5) ECAR Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology 2013, http://www.educause.edu/library/resources/ecar-study-undergraduate-students-and-information-technology-2013

(6) A Case Study in Obstacles to and Strategies for Negotiating the Relicensing of Third-Party Content, http://www.saylor.org/2013/04/a-case-study-in-obstacles-to-and-strategies-for-negotiating-the-relicensing-of-third-party-content/

Proposed U.S. law would weaken and postpone public access to publicly funded research

Creativecommons.org -

This week the US House Representatives introduced H.R. 4186, the Frontiers in Innovation, Research, Science and Technology Act of 2014 (FIRST Act). The stated goal of the proposed law — “to provide for investment in innovation through scientific research and development, [and] to improve the competitiveness of the United States — is worthy and well received. But part of the bill (Section 303) is detrimental to both existing and proposed public access policies in the United States.

According to SPARC:

Section 303 of the bill would undercut the ability of federal agencies to effectively implement the widely supported White House Directive on Public Access to the Results of Federally Funded Research and undermine the successful public access program pioneered by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) – recently expanded through the FY14 Omnibus Appropriations Act to include the Departments Labor, Education and Health and Human Services. Adoption of Section 303 would be a step backward from existing federal policy in the directive, and put the U.S. at a severe disadvantage among our global competitors.

The White House Directive, NIH Public Access Policy, Omnibus Appropriations Act, and the proposed Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR) all contain similar provisions to ensure public access to publicly funded research after a relatively short embargo (6-12 months). These policies make sure that articles created and published as a result of federal funding are deposited in a repository for access and preservation purposes. In addition, the policies provide for a reasonable process and timeline for agencies to development a plan to comply with the public access requirements.

The FIRST Act would conflict with each of these practices. Instead, if enacted it would permit agencies that must comply with the law to:

  • Extend embargoes to federally funded research articles to up to 3 years after initial publication, thus drastically increasing the time before the public has free public access to this research. We’ve said before that the public should be granted immediate access to the content of peer-reviewed scholarly publications resulting from federally funded research. Immediate access is the ideal method to optimize the scientific and commercial utility of the information contained in the articles.
  • Fulfill access requirements by providing a link to a publisher’s site. However, this jeopardizes long-term access and preservation of publicly-funded research in the absence of a requirement that those links be permanently preserved. A better outcome would be to ensure that a copy is deposited in a federally-controlled repository.
  • Spend up to 18 additional months to develop plans to comply with the conditions of the law, thus further delaying the plans that are already being organized by federal agencies under the White House Directive and Omnibus Appropriations Act.

This bill is scheduled to be marked up in the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology tomorrow, March 13.

But there are better alternatives, both in existing policy (e.g. White House Directive), and in potential legislation (e.g. FASTR). Here’s what you can do right now:

  • Send a letter to members of the House Science, Space and Technology Committee opposing Section 303 of the FIRST Act.
  • Use the SPARC action center to customize and send letters directly to your legislators. Tweet your opposition to Section 303 of the FIRST Act, or post about the bill on Facebook.
  • Write a letter to the editor or an op-ed for your local or campus newspaper. You can write directly to them or by using the SPARC legislative action center.
  • Share this post with your colleagues, labs, friends and family.

Lørdag er #FREE BASSEL DAY – kom og vær med!

CC Danmark -

Den 15. marts 2012 blev Bassel Khartabil, mangeårig open source aktivist og én af Creative Commons’ repræsentanter i Syrien, fængslet som en del af en bølge af arrestationer i Mazzeh distriktet i Damaskus. Siden da har hans familie ikke fået nogen official forklaring på fængslingen eller er ej heller blevet givet informationer om hvor han befinder sig. Derfor holder internationale open-source communities verden over på lørdag d. 15. marts 2014 FREE BASSEL DAY.

Bassel Khartabil er en internationalt respekteret 31-årig palestinsk-syrisk computeringeniør, der specialiserer sig i open source softwareudvikling – hvilket er den type software som eksempelvis Internettet er bygget på. Han startede hans karriere for 10 år siden i Syrien, og har arbejdet som teknisk leder for en lang række lokale virksomheder og kulturprojekter herunder genopbygningen af Palmyra og Forward Syria Magazine.

Siden da er Bassel blevet kendt i hele verden for hans store engagement for at bevare det åbne Internet, lære andre om teknologi og bidrage frivilligt med hans store erfaring til at forbedre verden. Bassel er projektleder for open source softwaren Aiki Framework. Han er ydermere kendt i mange online teknologi forums som en dedikeret frivillig bidragsyder til Internet-projekter såsom Mozilla Firefox (mozilla.org), Wikipedia (wikipedia.org), Open Clip Art Library (openclipart.org), Fabricatorz.com, Sharism (sharism.org) og naturligvis Creative Commons (creativecommons.org). Vi har i Creative Commons Danmark haft fornøjelsen af selv at møde Bassel flere gange, senest under hans besøg i København i 2012, og kender ham ligeledes som en sympatisk, humørfyldt og altid imødekommende person.

Siden hans anholdelse har hans frivillige arbejde, både i Syrien og resten af verden, været bremset. Hans fravær har kunnet mærkes tydeligt i de onlinefællesskaber som var afhængige af hans bidrag. Ydermere har hans familie, inklusiv hans forlovede, som skulle have været gift med i April 2013, måttet sætte deres liv på hold, mens de venter på hans frigivelse. Bassel Khartabil har været ulovligt indespærret i mange måneder uden at være sat foran en dommer og uden at være blevet oplyst om hvilke anklager han tilbageholdes for.

Derfor er Creative Commons, herunder Creative Commons Danmark, og mange mange online fællesskaber verden over gået sammen for at opfordre til, at han løslades eller at myndighederne officielt erklærer hvorfor han holdes tilbage. Den fælles koalition kræver endvidere at der øjeblikket gives besked til hans familie om hans helbredsmæssige og mentale tilstand.

På lørdag d. 15. marts 2014 markeres hans anholdelsesdato verden over med FREE BASSEL DAY. Med aktiviteter i hele verden vil tusinder af støtter skabe opmærksomhed omkring den ulovlige og uretfærdige behandling af Bassel. Også her i Danmark tager vi fat. Således opfordrer Creative Commons Danmark alle om at deltage i en online sprint, hvor vi eksempelvis vil oversætte Bassel’s side på Wikimedia til dansk – såvel som siderne for de åbne-Internet projekter som har han dedikeret sig til.

Derfor – skriv til os på info (a) creativecommons (dot) dk hvis du vil være med! Også hvis du har idéer til hvordan vi kan bidrage yderligere til den globale kampagne.

Du kan også læse meget mere om den globale kampagne her – og følge hashtagget #freebassel.

The post Lørdag er #FREE BASSEL DAY – kom og vær med! appeared first on Creative Commons Danmark.

Creative Commons Danmark fejrer Open Education Week

CC Danmark -

Denne uge bidrager Creative Commons Danmark til den globale event Open Education Week, der løber fra 10.-15. marts 2014. Open Education Week er en global fejring af den internationale bevægelse for åben og tilgængelig uddannelse.

Formålet er at skabe opmærksomhed omkring bevægelsen og dens indflydelse på læring over hele kloden – samt vigtigheden af at uddannelse er tilgængelig for alle samt at læringsmaterialer udgives således at de kan deles og genbruges (disse refererer man internationalt til som OER – “Open Educational Resources”). Alle kan deltage med aktiviteter til ugen, og alle bevægelsens materialer er naturligvis åbne og frit tilgængelige for alle at bruge.

Hos Creative Commons Danmark har vi valgt at arrangere en række online samtaler med udvalgte nøglepersoner indenfor feltet. Helt konkret er der tale om Google Hangouts – online videosamtaler – som alle kan tune ind på og lytte med på, samt kommentere og stille spørgsmål til.  Samtalerne bliver optaget og gjort tilgængelige på YouTube efterfølgende, så selv hvis man har misset dem “live” kan man kigge med.

Programmet er som følger:

Mandag: “O’et i OER” (se optagelse)
Deltagere: Peter Leth (Creative Commons Danmark)

Tirsdag: Fingrene i bolledejen, embedding og remixing som læringsværktøjer (se optagelse)
Deltagere: Peter Leth (Creative Commons Danmark)

Onsdag: OER i ind- og udland (med Jane Park, CC International/USA) (se optagelse)
Deltagere: Peter Leth (Creative Commons Danmark), Jane Park (Creative Commons International, USA), Lass Larsen.

Torsdag: Eksempler og debat (se optagelse)
Deltagere: Peter Leth (Creative Commons Danmark), Ylva Pettersson (Sverige)

For at deltage skal du blot følge de Google Hangout links som bliver på postet på Peter Leth’s Google+ profil.

Man kan læse meget mere om Open Education Week (og hente alle materialer) på openeducationweek.org.

The post Creative Commons Danmark fejrer Open Education Week appeared first on Creative Commons Danmark.

„Really Open Education” – reflections from CC policy debate

European Open EDU Policy Project -

On the 18th of February, Creative Commons organized a debate on „Really Open Education. Domestic Policies for Open Educational Resources”, hosted by Róża Gräfin von Thun und Hohenstein, MEP. The meeting brought together almost 40 experts and stakeholders from a range of educational projects, national schooling systems, and national and international non-governmental organizations across Europe.

Róża Gräfin von Thun und Hohenstein opening the debate.

The debate started with a presentation of three national initiatives. Hans de Four, founder of the Belgian KlasCement, presented the project. KlasCement started as a bottom-up initiative to create a portal for sharing content among teachers. Currently, 70 000 teachers are members, and share 30 000 items, over half of which are available under a Creative Commons license. OERs on the site are downloaded 300 000 per month. de Four talked about the significance of having a bottom-up project, which is able to tap into the grassroots energy of teachers. At the same time he underlined the importance of the support of the Flemish government, which ultimately began supporting the project and is now a governmental initiative. de Four also mentioned the challenge faced by teachers when dealing with unclear copyright rules – especially the difference between which uses are allowed in the classroom, and which are allowed online. According to de Four, reforms that would clarify and standardize these rules for both online and offline education would be much appreciated by Belgian teachers.

Download the PDF file .

Robert Schuwer from the Dutch Open University presented the Wikiwijs initiative – a repository similar to KlasCement, but different in several key ways. Wikiwijs is a top-down project, launched in 2008 by the Ministry of Education.  All content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution or Attribution-Share Alike license. WIkiwijs has a peer review mechanism for ensuring quality, as well as quality marks certified by partner organizations.  Schuwer explained that the goal of Wikiwijs is not just to increase the development and use of OERs, but to support teachers in professionalization and the creation of their own teaching materials or courses. The system makes available to Dutch teachers 650 000 content building blocks and 35 000 full lessons. Schuwer ended with providing a broader policy perspective – the Dutch government has recently announced a program that will provide EUR 1 million a year for development of open education at the higher education level.

Download the PDF file .

The third speaker was Piotr Dmochowski-Lipski, director of the Polish Center for Educational Development. He presented the Polish open e-textbooks initiative (together with the educational resources repository, Scholaris). The e-textbooks project, which forms part of a larger “Digital School” initiative, will create a set of 62 publicly funded textbooks on 14 subjects by 2015. After presenting the project, Dmochowski-Lipski focused on policy issues related to the project, initially by relating to a range of European and Polish strategic documents. According to him, the project is a response to an egalitarian approach to educational matters in the Polish society, and growing belief that “What is 100% funded by public money should be free and accessible”. Dmochowski-Lipski demonstrated how open education fits into a broader public debate on copyright and funding of different forms of creativity, by presenting “pros” and “cons” raised by actors in the Polish debate. He ended by declaring commitment of the Polish government to developing OERs, coupled with a careful approach to copyright matters.

Download the PDF file .

During the fourth presentation, Teresa Nobre from Creative Commons Portugal presented the preliminary results of a study of educational exceptions and limitations, which she has been investigating as part of the “OER policies for Europe” project (the full results will be available during 2014 Open Education Week). The presentation demonstrated the fragmented landscape of user rights that allow teachers, educators and students to quote works, make compilations for educational purposes, and transform works. This fragmentation leads to uncertainty and additional costs related to rights clearance, especially in international projects. On the one hand, this demonstrates the advantage of OERs as content that provides users with certainty about allowed uses. On the other hand, it shows the importance for reform and modernization of the copyright system in Europe.

The meeting ended with a speech by Ricardo Ferreira from DG Education and Culture, who presented the European “Opening Up Education” initiative. Ferreira argued that education is not just public spending, but an important investment for society. For this reason we need to bring education into the digital age, and at a time of budget cuts, increase its cost efficiency and effectiveness. Open education is an approach that can be helpful with regard to all these issues – especially if introduced as part of a comprehensive education reform. With regard to OERs, Ferreira stressed the complementarity of OERs and traditional resources – combined with the freedom of choice by teachers – as the basic principle. Finally, he described the importance of supporting grassroots initiatives – with this goal the “Opening Up Education” portal was created as a common access point. This, coupled with an Open Access requirement included in the Erasmus+ program, will according to Ferreira provide support for the growth of OER projects in Europe.

We  hope that the event provided an opportunity for participants to learn more and discuss open education initiatives taking place in EU member states. We plan to continue this discussion, which hopefully will lead to the adoption of OER policies across Europe.

Open Data Day 2014 i København

CC Danmark -

Lørdag d. 22/2 fejres Open Data Day med hackathons og data-arrangementer i hele verden. I København er der planlagt fire spændende workshops, som Creative Commons Danmark er med til at arrangere.

Alle er velkomne til at deltage, lære mere om åben data, anvende konkrete åbne data, diskutere og møde andre med interesse i åbne data. Creative Commons står sammen med bl.a. Open Knowledge Foundation, Wikimedia Danmark og en række andre organisationer bag det danske Open Data Day arrangement, der byder på hele 4 workshops/hackathons. Den ene workshop byder på remix og video-mashup af billeder under CC-licens fra Statens Museum for Kunst.

Åbne data refererer til data som er frit tilgængelige for borgere at bruge, genbruge og redistribuere uden restriktioner. Eksempelvis offentlige data som statistikker, vejrdata, trafikdata, offentlige budgetter og regnskaber og meget, meget andet. Åbne data gør det muligt at få mere værdi ud af de data som samfundet producere og dermed gøre det til en resource, som kan bruges til iværksætteri, jobskabelse, bedre service til borgere og ikke mindst en mere transparent samfundsmodel, hvor befolkningen har indsigt i hvordan de offentlige kroner anvendes.

Til Open Data Day i København kan man deltage i følgende aktiviteter (som er sakset på engelsk fra det officielle danske Open Data Day site, der for at gøre det så tilgængeligt som muligt for alle – og for at forbinde med resten af verdens over 100 events – er holdt på engelsk).


  • Data sprint (with Open Knowledge Foundation Denmark and Wikimedia Denmark)
    For this workshop, we chose interesting environmental/climate open government data to work with. We will dig into the datasets, analyze them, look for stories and do data visualizations. In addition, we are hoping to have a couple of environmental NGO representatives to drop by as guests and share their insights from this topic area. Here are some of the interesting datasets that we’re going to look into: Danish data on CO2 emmissions from Region Syddanmark, International climate data from the World Bank, official Danish energy data from Danish Energy Agency. Bring your own ideas for analysis and visualizations or get inspired by the participants at the workshop. During the sprint we are arranging to have a hangout with a foreign open data day event.


  • Hackaton (with Gatesense and IoT People)
    At the Hackaton we will play with real-time open data samples from Municipality of Copenhagen, Aarhus and international sources to create innovative ideas, demos and solutions to optimize our resources: Water, Energy, Waste and Transportation. Please note that this workshop will kick-off early (Friday February 21 at CBS, Dalgas Have ground floor, DSO089) and requires separate registration.


  • Remixing SMK (with BYOB (Bring Your Own Beamer), Creative Commons Denmark and Science Friction)
    Bring Your Own Beamer is a fun way to turn still images into videos. Under the guidance of Jacob Sikker Remin and inputs from Marieke Verbesiem on stop motion technique, we will use works from SMK’s collection released under open licensing. This activity is collaboration with the ongoing FROST festival, and the created remixes are meant to be exhibited as a part of the festival’s social event (at Tøjhusemuseet, 19-23.00). Please note that Jacob will welcome to hear from you in case you would like to participate (Jacob@sciencefiction.dk, sub. BYOB).


  • Hackathon on the city’s challenges with KK Data Portal and Aarhus Open Data
    We will delve into societal challenges related to climate change, mobility, and population growth using real-time open data from Copenhagen and Aarhus municipalities together with other international sources. Although the solutions might not come instantly, hackaton is a great opportunity to demonstrate the value of working with open data and the value of cooperating across the city’s many stakeholders.


Om aftenen inviterer vi ydermere til BYOB/Bring Your Owm Beamer i samarbejde med Frost Festival. Dette foregår på Tøjhusmuseet fra kl. 19-23, hvor man vil kunne se de videoværker som er blevet produceret i løbet af dagen i Remixing SMK workhoppen. Der vil være fri entré!

For at læse mere om arrangementet, besøg dk.opendataday.org og Facebook eventet. Alle kan deltage, uanset evner og it-niveau – husk dog blot at registere dig på Meetup.com, så vi ved hvor mange sandwiches vi skal købe.

Eventet finder sted på (CBS, Solbjerg Plads 3, 2000 Frederiksberg), og løber fra 10:00 til 16:00.

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Please join us in Brussels on 18th February for debate on „Really Open Education”

European Open EDU Policy Project -


On the 18th of February, we are organizing a policy discussion about domestic policies on open education. The meeting is hosted by Róża Gräfin von Thun und Hohenstein, MEP and will have the format of a working breakfast. Our guests will include OER experts from Belgium, the Netherlands, Poland and Portugal, as well as representatives of the DG Education and Culture, responsible for implementing the „Opening Up Education” initative.

During the meeting we would like to discuss how to implement open education projects as part of this initiative, both at European level and in member states. We hope that best examples of domestic policies will provide inspiration for other states.

Please join us in the European Parliament in Brussels on the 18th of February, 8.15-10.00. If you plan attending the event, please RSVP by sending email to: rsvp@oerpolicy.eu or alek@creativecommons.pl

More information can be found on the page of the event.



Filmfremvisning om nyskabende datajournalistik

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Creative Commons Danmark, Open Knowledge Foundation Danmark og Science Friction inviterer i fællesskab til gratis visning af “Exposing the Invisible” dokumentar-trilogien fra Tactical Technology Collective i Berlin. Filmene, der er udgivet under Creative Commons licens, sætter fokus på datajournalistik, der i stigende grad gør brug af nye teknologier for at afsløre korruption, ulovlige krigshandlinger og økonomisk svindel.

Den digitale tidsalder har for alvor ændret den måde hvorpå mennesker finder og deler information. Internettet muliggør samarbejde mellem aktivister, hackere og journalister på en hidtil uset skala. Dette har ledt til ufattelige muligheder for opsøgende journalistik. Borgere har nu helt nye værktøjer til at finde skjult information og afsløre korruption og svindel – og dermed udgøre en reel forskel ved at bringe sandheder frem i lyset.

Gennem en serie af korte dokumentarer, “Exposing the Invisible” fortæller Tactical Technology Collective i Berlin personlige historier fra dem som kæmper på de nye journalistiske fronter. Filmene viser de værktøjer og metoder de bruger og videre endvidere hvordan disse borgere håndterer de risici som følger dét at være informationsaktivist. Ydermere præsenterer filmene også en række resourcer som hjælper aktivisterne med at beskytte sig selv og deres arbejde. Praktisk information

Filmene vises tirsdag 21. Januar 2014 kl. 19.30-22.00 i Science Friction, Skt. Hans Gade 26A (kælderen), 2200 København N – der er fri entré. Meld dig gerne til forud via dette Facebook-event.

Denne aften viser vi alle tre film og inviterer til en efterfølgende uformel snak om disse nye former for opsøgende borgerjournalistik i en tidsalder med nye teknologiske muligheder.

19.30 – dørene åbner
19.45 – filmfremvisning
21.15 – snak

Læs mere om Exposing the Invisible på https://exposingtheinvisible.org/ (eller download filmene selv – de udgives under Creative Commons licens). Arrangører

Science Friction – sciencefriction.dk
Open Knowledge Foundation Danmark – dk.okfn.org
Creative Commons Danmark – creativecommons.dk

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Copyright Week: Educational Resources want to be tinkered with

European Open EDU Policy Project -

(This post is part of Copyright week, during which a range of organizations highlights key principles that should guide copyright policy – right in time for the European copyright consultations. Please also read posts published previously on the CC blog: on the public domain and on Open Access. Today’s theme is “You bought it, you own it”).

It’s ever harder to tinker with things

We live in societies, in which equipment and gadgets are ever more often „black boxes”. As users and consumers, we don’t have access to their internals – we cannot fix them, adapt them, modify. Sometimes it’s an issue of having advanced technical skills, and sometimes of owning a really strange screwdriver that will fit proprietary screws. And companies differ in their approaches – with a spectrum running between gadgets that just won’t open, and those that allow a „do it yourself” approach.

With physical objects, we understand well what owning them means, and how much control over them we have. But the same issues of ownership and control apply to symbolic goods – the digital files and content streams through which we experience our culture, education and science. In their case, it’s easy to confuse ownership with mere possibility of access and use – but without real control. And copyright is the mechanism that determines the extent of your ownership of a work.

What about digital files?

Some aspects of what you can do with digital files are determined by technology. You chose „copy”, but nothing happens the digital management system, defined by the seller, has just kicked in and limited your rights as an owner. But copyright choices made in license agreements, as well as general rules of copyright, are just as important. Even if you can copy a file, you might still be committing a crime.

True ownership of works in digital formats faces today many challenges. The shift to cloud computing, and concurrent rise of streaming services, significantly complicates the issue of our rights as users. Ever more often we access works that seem and feel as if they were really owned, but in fact are only made available to users as a service – with a very limited set of attached user rights, and with a reserved right of the content owner to cease the service at almost any moment.

How to give others the right to “tinker”?

But the opposite question can be asked – what can we do to provide users with rights, if we believe that cultural, educational or scientific works should be tinkered with, fixed, reused, recycled, copied and passed on to others?

At the technical level, all this can be done with files by virtue of their character as digital object: copying is error-free and costs practically nothing. Reuse is easy with a range of cheap or even free digital tools. The Net is an underlying infrastructure for sustainable and effective sharing. But things are more complicated at the legal level. Default copyright law makes digital content equivalent to physical objects that are meant to be carried – but lack handles; meant to be opened – but are fitted with non-standard screws. User rights are limited as they are by default reserved by rights-owners.

Open licensing, of the type that Creative Commons promotes, is a solution to this problem. For this reason, public policies need to address licensing, and not just technical or economic barriers to access to culture and knowledge. Many Open Access policies avoid licensing issues. They are still a huge step towards making culture, education or science available. But they stop short of giving us rights beyond access itself. This fact might have historic reasons, as Open Access to scientific research – as a movement – has a much longer track record than similar movements in culture or education. And in science, reuse of the research paper is not a significant stakes – one does not experiment with the scientific paper, but with formulas and materials described by it.

Educational resources want to be tinkered with

The case is very different with education, where educators work directly with content. The best of them tinker and reuse them in the process – and then have an urge to share with their peers. Similar arguments could be made with regard to culture, where what we now call a remix fit into a long tradition of artistic practise. The argument is in particular strong for public domain works – heritage that’s meant to be shared and used.

Makers, hackers and fixers teach us about the advantages of truly owning the things we have. And if you agree that we should be able to lift the hoods of our cars and fix them – then you should also care about real ownership of non-material good. This means caring about how copyright affects such ownership, and monitoring practices of commercial entities in this regard. But it also means open licensing of works – so that our education, culture and knowledeg is something that can be not just passively experienced, but tinkered with.

Gæsteblog: Seriously We Think Free Magazine – magasinet der rejser

CC Danmark -

Vi giver af og til mikrofonen videre til danske projekter, som vælger at bruge Creative Commons værktøjerne til at bidrage med nye og spændende tiltag i de mange kreative miljøer man finder landet over. Denne gang det internationalt orienterede projekt Seriously We Think Free Magazine, som er sat i verden af de to ildsjæle Elina og Denica:

Vi har arbejdet hårdt i mere end et år og skabt et interaktivt livsstilsmagasin, der rejser. Det er en unik kombination af trykte medier og digitale teknologier. Brugere, læsere, kreative og almindelige mennesker skriver artikler til os, for at inspirere og uddanne læserne. Vi har håndplukket 25 artikler om musik, design, kunst, lavbudget-rejser, usædvanlige måder at leve på, håndlavede ting og madlavning. Magasinet er bæredygtigt og miljøvenligt, fordi det bliver delt: Efter at have læst det, er brugeren opfordret til at videregive det til en anden person, og kan samtidig spore det ved at bruge vores mobile platform til at se, hvor mange kilometer magasinet har været på rejse, og hvor mange personer der har læst det. Læserne har også mulighed for at deltage i konkurrencer og vinde spændende præmier.

Takket være Creative Commons kunne vi finde de forfattere og bloggere, der gerne vil dele deres artikler i vores magasin. Alle vores artikler og fotografier har Attribution-ShareAlike CC licens, så folk kan læse bladet, dele indholdet, give det videre til andre mennesker og fortælle om det. Da magasinet deles, gav CC os den bedste mulighed for at gøre en nyskabelse i forlagsbranchen.

Vi har netop vundet 1. pladsen i Copenhagen Business Startup Awards, og vi har endnu flere milepæle, vi planlægger at opnå i de følgende år. Det omfatter flere interaktive sider, spil i magasinet, sider som er forbundet med de sociale medier, bæredygtige ideer, til hvordan man kan indarbejde solceller i papiret, og afspille musik direkte fra siden. Tak til vores bidragsydere og entusiastiske tilhængere, ny-kommende forfattere og læsere, der har været med til at få det til at vokse – og skabe det verdens eneste magasin, der rejser.

Stay tuned for vores nyheder og interaktive real-time kort via vores hjemmeside: http://www.seriously-wethinkfree.com

Du kan også ‘like’ os på Facebook for at vinde nogle fantastiske godbidder eller downloade freebies: https://www.facebook.com/SeriouslyWeThinkFreeMagazine

Og sidst, men ikke mindst, kontakt os gerne i tilfælde af at du ønsker at bidrage – eller bare at sige ‘Hej!’. Vi kan fanges på følgende mail adresse: contact (a) seriously-wethikfree (dot) com.

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PLOS Announces Website Redesign

Plos -

PLOS is pleased to announce the redesign of PLOS.org, which completes phase two of our website overhaul. The new landing page now enables visitors to navigate more quickly and easily to the information they need. Highlights of the new site also include a rotating carousel of PLOS’ most recent announcements, a news feed and a featured article from our suite of journals.

Phase one of our overhaul  last year included updates to the journal websites. We are always looking to improve. Please send PLOS feedback as you navigate the new site. Comments are welcome at feedback@plos.org. Thank you for supporting PLOS and its mission to transform research communication.

The post PLOS Announces Website Redesign appeared first on The Official PLOS Blog.

PLOS Welcomes CC v4.0 Licenses

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PLOS has been using the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license for almost 10 years as the default for the research that it publishes. On November 25, 2013, Creative Commons unveiled the next generation of open licenses to support the sharing of content. The new licenses are the result of an open community process with stakeholders from a wide range of domains, including research, education, and the creative arts, and PLOS is proud to have been involved in the effort to make the licenses work for researchers.

Two aspects of the Version 4.0 licenses are particularly important for researchers because they address issues that could have made reuse of published research more cumbersome. Firstly, the re-use rights for data within an article are made clearer and more consistent between different countries and regions.

Second, the licenses provide flexibility on attribution. This is important for research, and particularly for text and data mining, where a multitude of articles might be analyzed together. It doesn’t make sense to list every paper analyzed with each and every search result. It does make sense to link from each result to a page recognizing all the contributions. The new licenses still absolutely require attribution but allow all attributions to a large corpus to be collected together.

Another important aspect of the new licenses is that they combine the experience of several years of developing localized license variants into one international license, ensuring global compatibility and ease of use for all researchers, wherever they may be based.

PLOS will be publishing new articles under CC BY v4.0 beginning in mid-December for PLOS ONE and from January 1, 2014 for all other PLOS journals.

The CC BY license has long been an important part of realizing our aim, of creating the largest possible pool of accessible, re-usable and interoperable research content possible. Open Access is about more than content being free to read; it must also be free to re-use, and re-combine, not just with other articles, but with all forms of research information. The new version of the Creative Commons licenses, the global standard for web based content, is an important part of the toolkit for making that vision possible.

The post PLOS Welcomes CC v4.0 Licenses appeared first on The Official PLOS Blog.

Letter to the Editor of Science, by Elizabeth Marincola

Plos -

The following ‘letter to the editor’ was submitted to Science October 4, 2013 and was published on Sciencemag.org December 5, 2013.


John Bohannon’s News story “Who’s afraid of peer review?” (special section on Communication in Science, 4 October, p. 60) incriminates many Open Access (OA) journals. Our journal, PLOS ONE, was not implicated. It rejected the fraudulent paper promptly and for the right reasons, as Bohannon acknowledges. Still, the “study” was disappointing: It was not controlled, which would have required seeking to entrap a matched set of closed-access journals, yet it claims that a source of the problem is open access. It then concludes that profitability for OA journals is driven by volume, without acknowledging that the same is true for closed-access journals.  The issues raised by Bohannon’s exercise are not about open access journals; they are about science and technical publishing and the peer review processes used throughout the industry.

In the short term, all scientific publishers have a responsibility to reinforce and strengthen pre-publication review. We must improve the efficiency of peer review and continue to perform checks that uncover conflicts of interest, identify financial disclosures, confirm author affiliations, and ensure compliance with international standards of animal and human testing.

Even with these tools, peer review will never be flawless. As Editor-in-Chief Marcia McNutt points out, it is “time-honored” and “the gold standard” (Editorial, p. 13), but that doesn’t mean our methods of evaluation can’t and shouldn’t be improved. This is the real challenge. And this is why PLOS is working to transform scientific communication by developing better measures of scientific quality both before publication (currently traditional peer review) and after publication (currently the dreaded impact factor).

To this end, PLOS is developing Article Level Metrics (ALMs) that enable the scientific community itself to confer on a research contribution its credibility, relevance, and importance, independent of the journal in which it is published. Peer review at its best is a continual process of critique and assessment.

Elizabeth Marincola

Chief Executive Officer, The Public Library of Science, San Francisco, CA 94111, USA. E-mail: emarincola@plos.org

The post Letter to the Editor of Science, by Elizabeth Marincola appeared first on The Official PLOS Blog.

Council of the EU discusses OER, but is vague on details

European Open EDU Policy Project -

The Council of the European Union, comprised of Ministers of member states, debated last week on the topic „Open Educational Resources and digital learning.” The debate was held during the meeting of the Education, Youth, Culture and Sport Council on the 25-26th of November.

The meeting was related to the Commission’s „Opening Up Education” initiative, which was launched at the end of September and in which the development of OER policies plays a key role. Yet the scope of debate at the Council meeting was broader, and didn’t seem to be well connected to the “Opening Up Education” project. The Council did not provide a written conclusion on the matter. Based on limited available information (see the minutes of the meeting, p. 10), it seems that the Council focused primarily on broad issues related to digital learning and MOOCs (which are drawing significant attention from the public as well as policy makers).

Similarly, the brief position paper prepared by the Lithuanian Presidency, titled „Presidency Discussion Paper: Open Educational resources and digital learning”, does not provide a substantial viewpoint on OER. It lists advantages and challenges, and suggests that „time is ripe for a debate at European level on the opportunities and challenges which Open Educational Resources will undoubtedly bring”.

The „Opening Up Education” communication provides a much stronger view of OER as advantageous for education in Europe. It’s good news that representatives of the Ministries of Education are discussing OERs. But if the Council meeting is treated as a sample, there is still much work needed at the national level, so that policymakers are provided with a clear sense of the benefits of open education and the role of OERs within digital learning frameworks.

(Short report from the meeting is available on the Open Education Europa portal).

Entry icon image:”Education, Youth, Culture and Sport Council press conference”, CC BY, Open Education Europa


Creative Commons lancerer ny international version af licenserne

CC Danmark -

Den 26. november var en stor dag. Efter mere end 2 år på udviklingsstadiet, udgave den internationale organisation Creative Commons (som Creative Commons Danmark udgør den lokale afdeling af) nemlig version 4.0 af Creative Commons licenserne.

Det betyder at du nu kan besøge Creative Commons’ website og forny din licens – hvis du ønsker at bruge den nye internationale standard (hvilket dog ikke betyder at de danske licenser, som har version 2.5 ikke stadigvæk er brugbare). Fordelene ved at bruge de nye licenser kan du læse mere om nedenfor.

De nye version 4.0 licenser afspejler mere end nogensinde før den styrke som ligger i det globale Creative Commons fællesskab. Henover de seneste 6 år har CC’s internationale hovedkvarter arbejdet med hundredevis af frivillige over hele verden – bl.a. med nogle af klodens skarpeste professionalle advokater og jurister indenfor ophavsrettighedslovgivning og åben licensering – for at oversætte og tilpasse CC licenserne til lokale forhold i mere end 60 lande (herunder Danmark). I løbet af den proces er mange erfaringer blevet indsamlet om hvordan det internationale rettighedslandskab for licenser hænger sammen.

Det er derfor version 4.0 er den internationalt set mest håndhævelige udgave af licenserne der nogensinde er blevet udviklet. Version 4.0 vil derfor ikke blive oversat og tilpasset til hvert enkelt land som de tidligere udgaver. Den virker bare. Overalt.

Disse licenser er et symbol på den dedikation og diversitet som Creative Commons communitiet verden over rummer; et community som du automatisk tilslutter dig når du bruger et CC-licenseret værk eller licenserer ét selv. Så vi kan allesammen være stolte af hvad vi har skabt sammen!

Læs mere om frigivelsen af de nye licenser på Creative Commons internationale blog, og overvej samtidig at give Creative Commons en julegave i form af en donation.

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